English Grammar page

On the following links you will find some highly qualified websites on English Grammar, including parsing sentences:

UCL-English Grammar
Contact Info
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Irene Droppert
English - Modern Greek
Vlaardingen-The Netherlands
Restaurant Gorgonas

This is one of the oldest restaurants in Agia Anna.

An adjective is a word that describes, qualifies or identifies the noun or the pronoun in a sentence, (usually the noun). They occur in two different ways, viz:

  • 1. As an adjectival complement of the noun. (the white house)
  • 2. As a nominal part of the predicate. (the garden is wonderful)
  • Basically adjectives are declined and should correspond in gender, case and number to the noun or pronoun to which they are related to. (η ξύλινη πόρτα - the wooden door / η σωστή απάντηση - the right answer)
  • Most of the adjectives have separate forms for the masculine, feminine and neuter genders.
  • Some adjectives have only one form and are indeclinable.
  • An adjective placed after a noun, emphasizes what is said, e.g «μια καρέκλα κόκκινη» - a red chair. For special emphasizing an article is added in front of the adjective: «η γυναίκα η ωραία» - the beautiful woman.
  • An adjective functions as predicate of the subject or the direct object when it corresponds with the name that determines gender, number and case, e.g. «Το φανάρι είναι πράσινο» - The traffic light is green and «Ο Πέτρος έβαψε τον τοίχο κίτρινο» - Peter painted the wall yellow.

In English some participles can be used as adjectives in either the present or past form. To describe something or someone, the present participle ending on -ing is used. To describe how people feel about something or someone, the past participle ending on -ed is used. In modern Greek participles of both active and passive verbs are adjectivally, substantively and adverbially used.

The adjectival participles can be divided in:

The passive perfect participle in detail:

An adjectival participle must not be confused with verbal participle, which is the real form of the verb. So the present participle and the past participle are part of the main verb forms of either the active or the passive voice.

Adjectives are the basis for:

ελληνικά ελληνικά
αγκαζέ - occupied, reserved, arm in arm
αναφορά.* afk. - relative, referential
αντικ.* - object
βιολετί - violet, purple
γίντις - Yiddish
γκρι - grey
ελνστ.* afk - Hellenistic
δήθεν - so-called, supposed, alleged
εμαγέ - enamel
εμαγιέ - enamel
ενεργ.* afk - dynamic, energetic
κάργα - fully, entirely
καφέ - brown
κατ' εξοχήν - primarily
κοραλλί - coral
κομπλέ - full, complete
κυριλέ - posh, affected
λιλά - lilac, mauve
λουξ - luxury
μίνι - mini
μοβ - mauve
μπανάλ - banal
μπεζ - beige
ελληνικά αγγλικά
μπλε μαρίν - navy blue
μπλε - blue
ναβάχο - Navajo (indian language)
ναΐφ - naive, inexperienced
οβάλ - ovoid
ον-λάιν - on-line
πλακέ - flat
ποπ - pop (music, art)
ποσέ - poached
πρώην - former, ex, onetime, sometime
ριγέ - striped
ροζ - rose
ροζέ - rose, pink
σαμπανιζέ - sparkling, champagne-like
σικ - chique
σόκιν - corking, shocking
σούπερ - super, wonderful, awesome
τζιν - gin
τύφλα - blind
φίσκα - wrapped, complete, packaged
* These adjectives are abbreviations of the following words:
  • «αναφορικός» - αναφορα.
  • «αντικειμενικός» - αντικ.
  • «ελληνιστικός» - ελνστ.
  • «ενεργητικός» - ενεργ.